Power Point PPT: Introduction To Software Configuration Management

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Power Point PPT: Introduction To Software Configuration Management

 

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Introduction of RFT(Rational Functional Testing)

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Introduction of RFT(Rational Functional Testing)

Functional Tester is available in two integrated development environments and two scripting languages.
Functional Tester, Java™ Scripting uses the Java language and the IBM® Rational® Software Delivery Platform.
Functional Tester, VB.NET Scripting uses the VB.NET language and the Microsoft® Visual Studio .NET development environment.
Use Functional Tester to:

  • Perform full functional testing. Record and play back scripts that navigate through your application and test the state of objects through verification points.
  • Create and edit simple and easy-to-read, object-oriented test scripts. In addition to automatically recording test scripts, Functional Tester contains wizards for generating code, for example, for automatically creating a verification point. Functional Tester’s test scripts are implemented in your choice of Java or VB.NET.

Object Based Testing
The object-oriented recording technology in Functional Tester lets you generate scripts quickly by recording applications against the application-under-test. Functional Tester uses object-oriented technology to identify objects by their internal object properties, not by screen coordinates. If the location or text of an object changes, Functional Tester can still find it on playback.
The object testing technology in Functional Tester enables you to test any object in the application-under-test, including the object’s properties and data. You can test objects in Java, VB.NET, Windows®, and Web-based applications, whether they are visible or hidden in the interface.
When you record a script, Functional Tester automatically creates a test object map for the application-under-test. The Functional Tester test object map lists the test objects available in the application, whether they are currently displayed or not. You can also create a new test object map, either by pasing it on an existing map or by adding objects as required. The object map provides a quick way to add objects to a script. Since the test object map contains recognition properties for each object, you can easily update the recognition information in one central location. Any scripts that use this test object map also share the updated information.

Verification points
During recording you can insert verification points into the script to confirm the state of an object across builds of the application-under-test. The verification point captures object information (based on the type of verification point) and stores it in a baseline data file. The information in this file becomes the baseline of the expected state of the object during subsequent builds. Functional Tester has an object properties verification point and five data verification points (menu hierarchy, table, text, tree hierarchy, and list). You can use the Verification Point Comparator to analyze differences across builds and update the baseline file.

Platform-independent
Functional Tester features platform-independent and browser-independent test playback. For example, you can record a script on Windows and play it back on Linux®. You can record a script using Firefox, Mozilla, Internet Explorer or Netscape. Because the script contains no references to the browser used during recording, you can play back the script using any of the supported versions of Firefox, Mozilla, Internet Explorer or Netscape.

Integrated with Rational TestManager
Functional Tester is integrated with Rational TestManager, which enables you to record and play back a Functional Tester script from TestManager and make use of TestManager features, such as the Log. If you have TestManager installed, you can use these integrated features. See Understanding Functional Tester integrations for information.

Integrated with Rational ClearQuest
Functional Tester is also integrated with Rational ClearQuest® Test Manager, which enables you to play back a functional test script from ClearQuest TestManager, generate logs, and track defects. If you have ClearQuest Test Manager installed, you can use these integrated features.

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Introduction to CVS | Know ABout CVS | Quick Start Guide

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Introduction to CVS

CVS is a version control system, an important component of Source Configuration Management (SCM). Using it, you can record the history of sources files, and documents. It fills a similar role to the free software RCS, PRCS, and Aegis packages.
CVS is a production quality system in wide use around the world, including many free software projects.
While CVS stores individual file history in the same format as RCS, it offers the following significant advantages over RCS:

  • It can run scripts which you can supply to log CVS operations or enforce site-specific polices.
  • Client/server CVS enables developers scattered by geography or slow modems to function as a single team. The version history is stored on a single central server and the client machines have a copy of all the files that the developers are working on. Therefore, the network between the client and the server must be up to perform CVS operations (such as checkins or updates) but need not be up to edit or manipulate the current versions of the files. Clients can perform all the same operations which are available locally.
  • In cases where several developers or teams want to each maintain their own version of the files, because of geography and/or policy, CVS’s vendor branches can import a version from another team (even if they don’t use CVS), and then CVS can merge the changes from the vendor branch with the latest files if that is what is desired.
  • Unreserved checkouts, allowing more than one developer to work on the same files at the same time.
  • CVS provides a flexible modules database that provides a symbolic mapping of names to components of a larger software distribution. It applies names to collections of directories and files. A single command can manipulate the entire collection.
  • CVS servers run on most unix variants, and clients for Windows NT/95, OS/2 and VMS are also available. CVS will also operate in what is sometimes called server mode against local repositories on Windows 95/NT.
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What is Apache Ant? – Apache ant Overview

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What is an apache ant?
Apache Ant is a Java-based build tool. In theory, it is kind of like Make, but without Make’s wrinkles.

Why another build tool when there is already make, gnumake, nmake, jam, and others?
Because all those tools have limitations that Ant’s original author couldn’t live with when developing software across multiple platforms.
Make-like tools are inherently shell-based — they evaluate a set of dependencies, and then execute commands not unlike what you would issue in a shell. This means that you can easily extend these tools by using or writing any program for the OS that you are working on. However, this also means that you limit yourself to the OS, or at least the OS type such as UNIX, that you are working on.
Makefiles are inherently evil as well. Anybody who has worked on them for any time has run into the dreaded tab problem. “Is my command not executing because I have a space in front of my tab!!!” said the original author of Ant way too many times.
Tools like Jam took care of this to a great degree, but still have yet another format to use and remember.
Ant is different. Instead of a model where it is extended with shell-based commands, Ant is extended using Java classes. Instead of writing shell commands, the configuration files are XML-based, calling out a target tree where various tasks get executed. Each task is run by an object that implements a particular Task interface.
Granted, this removes some of the expressive power that is inherent by being able to construct a shell command such as `find . -name foo -exec rm {}`, but it gives you the ability to be cross platform — to work anywhere and everywhere. And hey, if you really need to execute a shell command, Ant has an task that allows different commands to be executed based on the OS that it is executing on.

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Introduction of p4win | p4win Overview | What is p4win?

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P4Win is a Windows-Explorer-style program that helps you manage files that are stored in the Perforce software configuration management system. Using P4Win, you can view files, check them in and out, compare them, and handle conflicts that arise in team development settings. P4Win is highly configurable, and you can add custom tools to the P4Win menu to perform specialized tasks.This guide helps you get started with P4Win, and tells you how to perform the basic tasks you’re likely to want to do on the first day you start working with P4Win. For details about using P4Win, refer to its online help system: from the P4Win Help menu, choose the Help Topics menu item, or press the F1 key.

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