Computer programming skills is in high demand in today’s technology culture for programming. Understanding object-oriented programming may be useful in the creation and management of software systems (OOP). This article covers the core concepts of OOP and illustrates them with simple examples.
What is Object-oriented programming (OOP)?
Object-oriented programming is the process of integrating variables (properties) and functions (methods) into a single object. These products are organized into classes that may be mixed and matched. OOP allows you to think about the objects in a program’s code as well as the various actions that go along with them.
What are the principles of Object-oriented programming (OOP)?
Encapsulation, Abstraction, Inheritance, and Polymorphism are the four basic concepts of object-oriented programming. Although these concepts appear to be extremely complicated, understanding the broad framework of how they work is beneficial. The four basic hypotheses are as follows:
- Inheritance: child classes inherit data and behaviors from parent class
- Encapsulation: containing information in an object, exposing only selected information
- Abstraction: only exposing high level public methods for accessing an object
- Polymorphism: many methods can do the same task