Everything you need to know about Prometheus

What is Prometheus?

Prometheus is analogous in style to Google’s Borgmon observance system, and a comparatively modest system will handle the aggregation of many thousands of metrics each second. Properly tuned and deployed, a Prometheus cluster will collect various metrics each second. Prometheus may be a metrics assortment and alerting tool developed and discharged to open supply by SoundCloud. Prometheus do I factor and it will it well. It’s a straightforward nevertheless powerful knowledge model and a question language that enables you to analyze however your applications and infrastructure square measure playacting. It doesn’t try and solve issues outside of the metrics area, departure those to alternative additional acceptable tools.

Why do we need Prometheus?
Prometheus is open-source monitoring software that is very popular in the industry. Prometheus is straightforward to customize and produces metrics while not impacting application performance alongside this. This observance is often accustomed to offer clarity into systems and the way to run them.

What are the benefits of Prometheus?

  • Prometheus is TSDB – Prometheus is TSDB, statistic information. A TSDB may be a piece of information optimized for time-sealed or statistic knowledge. Statistics knowledge are merely measurements or events that are half-tracked, monitored, downsampled, and mass over time.

  • Prometheus the Pull-based tool – Prometheus actively scrapes targets so as to retrieve metrics from them. Node businessperson and App businesspersons can listen on a specific port and the Prometheus server initiate an HTTP decision to the current specific exporter and fetch system/app metrics from finish points. Prometheus expects to retrieve metrics via HTTP calls done to sure endpoints that are outlined in Prometheus configuration.

  • Centralized control – A pull-based system permits rate management with the flexibleness of getting multiple scrap configurations, so multiple routes for various targets. This implies you’ll be able to decide UN agency to scrape, and the way typically you must scrape them. With a push-based system, you’ll have the danger of causation an excessive amount of knowledge towards your server and primarily crash the server. Prometheus initiates queries to its targets. The entire configuration is completed on the Prometheus server-side and not on the client-side.

  • Inbuilt Alerting facility – Prometheus push alerts to the Alert manager via custom rules outlined in configuration files. From there it’ll send notifications to totally different endpoints like Slack, Google Hangouts, etc. Alert Manager is one of the most elements within the Prometheus scheme. Once they need enough knowledge, we tend to should need to analyze it, visualize it, and send alerts to several members or groups. Thus alerting is one of the vital elements within the observance system.

  • Easy for monitoring teams – Once it’s implemented, it will be very useful for the monitoring teams. They can easily configure different endpoints for alerting.
  • Data visualization

Similarly to Grafana, you can visualize your time series directly in Prometheus Web UI. You can easily filter and have a concrete overview of what’s happening on your different targets.

  • Service discovery – Prometheus can discover your targets dynamically and automatically scrap new targets on demand. Prometheus offers a variety of service discovery options for discovering scrape targets, including Kubernetes, Consul, and many others.

  • Scalability – Prometheus is highly scalable. You can club different Prometheus servers to a single one using the federation approach. You can scrape different Prometheus servers using the “/ federation” endpoint.

  • PromQL – PromQL is a fast simple query language. Prometheus provides a functional query language called PromQL Prometheus Query Language lets the user select and aggregate time-series data in real-time.

Why we should learn Prometheus?

The focus on responsibility is integral by creating every Prometheus server standalone with native time-series info storage to avoid dependence on any remote service. This style makes Prometheus a perfect tool to work on for chop-chop distinguishing problems and obtaining time period feedback on system performance. Exploitation Prometheus, you’ll be able to manage application metrics like outturn (TPS) and reaction times of the author load generator (Kafka producer), author shopper, and prophetess shopper. Node businessperson is often used for checking host hardware and kernel metrics. Since it provisions flat information assortment and information queuing, Prometheus is dependable, permitting shoppers to chop-chop establish issues. Since every server is autonomous, it is often leaned on once another infrastructure is broken, while not exacting further infrastructure.

How does Prometheus work?

Prometheus will be run among longshoreman or Go applications. The watching code may be statistic information with a computer program (UI) and complex, versatile querying language known as PromQL.

Prometheus gathers metrics from instrumented jobs either directly or through an associate intermediator entree designed for temporary jobs. The samples square measure hold on domestically and scanned by rules so as to either collect and record a brand new statistic from the prevailing info or produce alerts. These metrics square measure then displayed by the manner of counters, gauges, and histograms. knowledge is transmitted by HTTP mistreatment plaintext or by additional economical protocols.

Features of Prometheus include:

  • Various modes of graphing and Dashboard support;
  • The prevalence of your time series assortment through a pull model over HTTP;
  • A three-d information model that includes time-series information that’s known with a metric name or with key-value pairs (KVP);
  • The ability to use PromQL to support the multidimensionality of the info model;
  • Autonomous single server nodes and 0 reliance on distributed storage;
  • Discovery of the target through static configuration or service discovery;
  • And the ability to push statistics through AN treater entree.

Uses of Prometheus
IT departments use Prometheus to undertake to catch intrusions and problems in cloud environments as shortly as attainable it’s conjointly wont to gift website, service, and application knowledge and products info that’s relevant to website guests. The tool has been employed by firms like Boxever, Docker, Google, Red Hat, Weaveworks, CoreOs, Ericsson, and DigitalOcean.

Prometheus helps those running cloud-managed services, applications, and sites to confirm correct performance for purchasers apart from the sub-rosa work, Prometheus is vital for customer-facing functions similarly. The package displays relevant knowledge to customers concerning products, sales, reviews, and trends.

Benefits of Prometheus

Prometheus was designed to quickly diagnose issues. It will operate with each machine-centric watching and also the watching of extremely complicated service-oriented architectures. Its sturdy use in four-dimensional information assortment and querying is particularly useful.

Since the Prometheus server is freelance, it doesn’t get to believe remote services like network storage. this suggests it will still be used once alternative components of the infrastructure area unit are bad or broken. moreover, the development of a fancy, massive infrastructure is not sensible for its operation.

Learning Objectives

  • Breakdown and understand the core components of the service
  • Learn how to set up node exporters and a Prometheus monitor
  • Learn the core features of the tool
  • Understand and define the Prometheus monitoring tool

Intended Audience
DevOps engineers, site reliability engineers, and cloud engineers
Anyone looking to up their monitoring expertise with an open-source monitoring tool

To get the foremost out of this course, you ought to have some familiarity with watching tools. Expertise employing a Terminal, Git, the bash, or Shell would be useful however not essential.


In this course, we have a tendency to take a glance at the Tsar of observation tools – Prometheus is that the second hosted project within the Cloud Native Computing Foundation, right next to the instrumentality orchestrating software package – Kubernetes is an associate degree open-sourced system observation and alerting toolkit with extra capabilities in commission discovery.

If you want to learn relating to this course, I would suggest you visit DevOpsSchool.com.

Thank You!

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