Install and Configure Grafana in Ubuntu and Debian

Install and Configure Grafana in Ubuntu and Debian

Step 1 – Download & Install Grafana
Download Grafana RPM file RPM for Linux from

# Ubuntu & Debian
$ wget
$ sudo dpkg -i grafana_5.2.2_amd64.deb

Step 2 – Understand Grafana Installation details in Ubuntu/Debian

  1. Installs binary to /usr/sbin/grafana-server
  2. Installs Init.d script to /etc/init.d/grafana-server
  3. Creates default file (environment vars) to /etc/default/grafana-server
  4. Installs configuration file to /etc/grafana/grafana.ini
  5. Installs systemd service (if systemd is available) name grafana-server.service
  6. The default configuration sets the log file at /var/log/grafana/grafana.log
  7. The default configuration specifies an sqlite3 db at /var/lib/grafana/grafana.db
  8. Installs HTML/JS/CSS and other Grafana files at /usr/share/grafana

Step 3 – Start the server (init.d service)

$ sudo service grafana-server start

This will start the grafana-server process as the grafana user, which was created during the package installation. The default HTTP port is 3000 and default user and group is admin.

Step 4 – Configure the Grafana server to start at boot time

$ sudo update-rc.d grafana-server defaults
$ systemctl daemon-reload
$ systemctl start grafana-server
$ systemctl status grafana-server
$ sudo systemctl enable grafana-server.service

Step 5 – Grafana server Environment file
The systemd service file and init.d script both use the file located at /etc/default/grafana-server for environment variables used when starting the back-end. Here you can override log directory, data directory and other variables.

Step 6 – Grafana server Log
By default Grafana will log to /var/log/grafana

Step 7 – Grafana Database
The default configuration specifies a sqlite3 database located at /var/lib/grafana/grafana.db.

You can also use MySQL or Postgres as the Grafana database, as detailed on

Step 7 – Grafana configuration
The configuration file is located at /etc/grafana/grafana.ini. Go the Configuration page for details on all those options. You can add following data sources

  1. Graphite
  2. InfluxDB
  3. OpenTSDB
  4. Prometheus

Step 8 – Server side image rendering
Server side image (png) rendering is a feature that is optional but very useful when sharing visualizations, for example in alert notifications.

$ yum install fontconfig
$ yum install freetype*
$ yum install urw-fonts

Step 9 – How to access the Grafana dashboard
User name – admin
Password – admin

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